CCM was founded in 1899 after the collapse of the bicycle market. Established "when the operations of four major Canadian bicycle manufacturers amalgamated: H. A. Lozier,Massey-Harris, Goold, and Welland Vale Manufacturing." CCM produced bicycles for many years in the area of Weston, Toronto, Ontario. They also briefly produced the Russell automobile.
By 1905, with saturation in the bicycle market, CCM began producing hockey skates using scrap steel that was leftover at the plant from the manufacture of bicycles and automobiles, and subsequently began manufacturing other hockey gear.
In 1937, CCM acquired the Tackaberry brand made by a Manitoban named George Tackaberry and "Tacks" have been the company's signature skate until late 2006, when the Tacks line was replaced with the "Vector" line, then the "U+" line, and now the "RBZ" line. The "Tacks" line was reintroduced in 2014.
The original CCM went bankrupt in 1983. All of the assets of the Company were purchased by Procycle Group Inc. of Quebec who retained the bicycle division and sold off the hockey division to Montreal businessman David Zunenshine who owned GC Knitting, a manufacturer of hockey jerseys. The company subsequently used the CCM brand when producing hockey equipment.
The company entered the toy industry in 1988 through the acquisition of Coleco Industries and in 1990 when they acquired another financially troubled company, Buddy L Corp., a 70-year-old manufacturer of steel and plastic toy cars and trucks based in the United States.
In 1991, the company incorporated and took the name SLM International Inc.
SLM purchased Kevin Sports Toys International Inc. (the maker of the Wayne Gretzky NHL hockey game), Norca Industries Inc. (a plastic toy manufacturer of such products as swimming pools, sleds, and sandboxes), andInnova-Dex Sports Inc. of Montreal (a bicycle helmet manufacturer).
SLM filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, in 1995, selling off Buddy L (to Empire of Carolina Inc.) and the SLM Fitness equipment business. The company emerged from bankruptcy protection in 1997 and reorganized.
The company acquired Montreal-based Sports Holdings, Inc, in 1998, and became the world's top producer of hockey merchandise adding the brands Koho, Titan, Jofa, Canadien and Heaton. Titan and Canadien were well-known brands of wooden hockey sticks in the 1980s and 1990s, with Wayne Gretzky having used the Titan 4020 while playing with the Edmonton Oilers. Heaton was known for its goalie equipment, which was worn for years byMartin Brodeur.
In 1999, SLM was renamed The Hockey Company.
In June 2004, The Hockey Company was bought by Reebok. All brands other than the CCM brand were retired and Reebok introduced its own RBK Hockey gear, later to be re-branded as Reebok Hockey. Reebok in turn was acquired by Adidas in 2005.
In the Fall of 2013, The Hockey Company created a new goaltending equipment line under the CCM brand name.
Source : Wikipedia
Bauer was the first hockey company to begin producing hockey skates in which the blade was permanently secured to the boot. The boot was made by Bauer and the skate blade by the now-defunct Starr Manufacturing Company in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. This innovation was originally marketed under the trade name "Bauer Supreme".
The arrival of the George Tackaberry boot, made by CCM under the "Tacks" trademark (the Tackaberry name having been acquired by CCM in 1937) saw a shift in the balance of power. The Tackaberry boot with CCM Pro-Lite blade would be worn by all NHL scoring champions from 1939 through 1969. The "Tacks" series of CCM skates would later be retired by Reebok in 2006.
The Bauer name returned to prominence after the company undertook a pioneering step of paying superstar Bobby Hull to endorse their skates. This move, and the introduction soon after of the TUUK chassis, ushered in a new era for the company.
The current National Hockey League rule banning the use of fancy skates was introduced on September 24, 1927. At the time, this effectively outlawed all skates other than tube skates. The plastic/rubber stopper seen on the heel of later tube skates was developed by CCM in 1960 following an injury to the Montreal Canadiens' Maurice "Rocket" Richard in the 1958–59 season. It was made mandatory by the NHL in 1964.
Then in the early 1970s, Jim Roberts, also of the Canadiens, began wearing the now famous TUUK blade. High-profile teammates Guy Lafleur, Steve Shutt and Jacques Lemaire soon followed. The success of this blade chassis was such that by 1995, the various Canstar skate brands (Micron, Bauer, etc.) had a 70% NHL market share while their TUUK and ICM holders combined for a 95% share. (Note: Bauer no longer offers the ICM holder on player skates, although it is still offered with goalie skates, in addition to the TUUK cowling.)
In 1994, Bauer began producing the perforated TUUK chassis, which is the piece of equipment that connects the steel blade to the actual boot of the skate. This revolutionized the sport of hockey because it allowed skates to be made lighter, as well as more durable.
In 1994, Canstar, the parent company of Bauer, became a wholly owned subsidiary of Nike. In 2006, beginning with the release of the Nike Bauer Supreme One90, the company's products were rebranded as Nike Bauer. This was the first time Nike had ever used a partner brand name on a product. Nike sold the company to investors Roustan, Inc. and Kohlberg & Co., on February 21, 2008 and the company is once again known as Bauer.
- 1927 Freibauer family of Kitchener starts company.
- 1933 Company develops the first skate with the blade attached to boot.
- 1950s Bauer becomes a division of shoe giant Greb Industries (known as the first international licensee of Hush Puppies shoes, also produced Kodiak boots and Collins safety shoes).
- 1974 Warrington Products, controlled by Bronfman family, buys Greb.
- 1975 Company launches the TUUK blade holder.
- 1981 Ski and skate boot entrepreneur Icaro Olivieri merges his company with Warrington.
- 1988 Olivieri and investment group executes leveraged buyout of struggling Warrington and renames it Canstar Sports, focussing on hockey equipment.
- 1992 Hockey star Eric Lindros joins Bauer team.
- 1995 Nike buys Canstar, Bauer’s parent company, for $395 million.
- 1997 Bauer introduces the lightweight VAPOR skate and a better helmet with dual density foam.
- 2005 Company develops the VAPOR XXX one piece stick.
- 2008 Quebec-based Roustan Inc. and U.S.-based private equity firm Kohlberg & Co. purchase Nike’s Bauer assets for $200 million.
- 2010 Bauer buys Maverik Lacrosse.
- 2011 Bauer Performance Sports (BPS) listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange [BAU], now PSG.
- 2012 BPS acquires Cascade for lacrosse equipment and Inaria for sports apparel.
- 2013 BPS acquires Combat Sports for composite baseball and softball bats.
- 2014 BPS acquires Easton for baseball/softball equipment making them the world's largest team sports equipment suppliers.
- 2014 Lists on New York Stock Exchange (PSG) with name change to Performance Sports Group.
Source : Wikipedia